Lead sinkers are also called sinkers, falling stones, and mounds. It is an indispensable heavy object in fishing. The lead sinker has three functions: First, it uses its gravity to throw the fishing line into a predetermined water area, so that the bait hook quickly sinks to the bottom of the water without moving (sinking at the bottom), or makes the fishing line tight (floating) Fishing); second, form a corresponding combination relationship with floats, so as to adjust the floats; third, convey the information that fish eat hooks.
There are many types of lead sinkers, with different shapes and sizes. Commonly used are: jujube, oval, shuttle, cylinder, eggplant, spindle, suspension, spherical, etc. There is also the difference between the heart and the impassioned.
Lead sinkers are mostly made of lead and tin, a few are cast with copper, some are replaced by fuses, lead sheets or toothpaste skins, and some fish hooks themselves are welded with sinkers (such as overhead hooks, sinkers are welded directly on the handle of the hook). ). The large indents of throwing hooks are mostly made of copper rods and steel bars, which are turned or filed. Some people use cement blocks instead.
When choosing a fish sinker, the sinker of the best shape and size should be selected according to the different fishing waters, fishing methods, buoyancy of the float, and the thickness of the line.
Hand pole pendants, jujube-shaped pendants and homemade fuse pendants are preferred. The former has low water resistance and fast sinking speed, while the latter is very convenient to manufacture and use. The place where the lead sinker is placed is usually tied above the brain line, about 3 to 4 cm away from the hook, that is, the sinker falls on the upper hook and the lower hook. This combination method is suitable for fishing in still waters or flowing waters without aquatic plants as well as "pendicular bottom fishing". If it is a fixed-point floating fishing or there is a lawn at the bottom of the water, the combination method of falling on the hook should be adopted.
The sea pole fall is divided into two kinds: dead fall and alive fall. There is a through hole in the middle of the live sinker, which can slide freely along the main line after threading. It is suitable for sinking bottom fishing. The hook is at the front and the sink is at the back. The opposite is true for dead sinking, falling in front and hooking in back, it is suitable for floating water fishing and throwing mound fishing.
In addition, some special fishing methods such as arch fishing, inshore fishing and white minnow fishing do not require a sinker.
The shapes of sea pole sinkers are streamlined, jujube-shaped and elliptical. These fish sinkers have low water resistance and sink quickly. The oval-shaped pendant has strong stability at the bottom of the water, is not easy to move, and is not easy to hang at the bottom; streamlined, shuttle-shaped pendants are very useful for throwing and winding threads, but the disadvantage is that they are easy to move.
The size of the fish sinker depends on the buoyancy of the float and the thickness of the line, which are in direct proportion to the relationship, that is, the greater the buoyancy of the float and the thicker the fishing line, the heavier the sinker. On the contrary, the lighter the floater and the best combination of the sinker. ratio. Undoubtedly, when the buoyancy of the float is equal to the weight of the plumb, the sensitivity of the float is at its best. The part of the floating float above the water surface should not exceed 1/3 (if it is a broken float, half of the float should be exposed to the water surface), otherwise the response of the float will not be sensitive. Generally, the weight of the hand pole drop is 1~5 grams. Choosing the hand pole sinker should be light, not heavy, small rather than large. If the lead sinker is too large or too heavy, it is not only easy to scare away the fish, but also the float sinks into the water and the lead sinker lies on the bottom of the water, which affects the sensitivity of the float. Of course it cannot be too light. If the lead is too light, it is difficult for the bait hook to fall to the bottom, and the bottom fish cannot be caught.
The weight of the sea pole drop is mostly 15~50 grams. When choosing, in addition to the buoyancy of the float and the thickness of the line, the softness and length of the rod should also be considered. Generally, the pole is hard, and the pole length should be a large sinker. On the contrary, a small sinker should be selected.